EDUCATION CODE


TITLE 2. PUBLIC EDUCATION


SUBTITLE F. CURRICULUM, PROGRAMS, AND SERVICES


CHAPTER 32. COMPUTERS AND COMPUTER-RELATED EQUIPMENT


SUBCHAPTER A. POWERS AND DUTIES OF STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION RELATING TO ELECTRONIC INSTRUCTIONAL TECHNOLOGY AND COMPUTER-RELATED EQUIPMENT


Sec. 32.001. DEVELOPMENT OF LONG-RANGE PLAN. (a) The State Board of Education shall develop a long-range plan for:

(1) acquiring and using technology in the public school system;

(2) fostering professional development related to the use of technology for educators and others associated with child development;

(3) fostering computer literacy among public school students so that by the year 2000 each high school graduate in this state has computer-related skills that meet standards adopted by the board; and

(4) identifying and, through regional education service centers, distributing information on emerging technology for use in the public schools.

(b) The State Board of Education shall update as necessary the plan developed under Subsection (a).

(c) The State Board of Education, in coordination with the Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board and other public agencies and institutions the State Board of Education considers appropriate, shall propose legislation and funding necessary to implement the plan developed under Subsection (a).

(d) In developing the plan, the State Board of Education must consider accessibility of technology to students with disabilities.

Added by Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 260, Sec. 1, eff. May 30, 1995.

Sec. 32.002. AUTHORITY OF SCHOOL DISTRICT. A school district is not required by this subchapter to acquire or use technology that has been approved, selected, or contracted for by the State Board of Education or the commissioner.

Added by Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 260, Sec. 1, eff. May 30, 1995.

Sec. 32.003. AUTHORITY OF COMMISSIONER TO CONTRACT. The commissioner may contract with developers of technology to supply technology for use by school districts throughout this state.

Added by Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 260, Sec. 1, eff. May 30, 1995.

Sec. 32.004. FEES. The State Board of Education, on the commissioner's recommendation, may establish a reasonable fee for services provided under this chapter.

Added by Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 260, Sec. 1, eff. May 30, 1995.

For expiration of this section, see Subsection (c).


Sec. 32.005. STUDY ON SCHOOL DISTRICT NETWORK CAPABILITIES. (a) The commissioner shall conduct a study to assess the network capabilities of each school district. The study must gather sufficient information to determine whether the network connections of a district and school campuses in the district meet the following targets:

(1) an external Internet connection to a campus's Internet service provider featuring a bandwidth capable of a broadband speed of at least 100 megabits per second for every 1,000 students and staff members; and

(2) an internal wide area network connection between the district and each of the school campuses in the district featuring a bandwidth capable of a broadband speed of at least one gigabit per second for every 1,000 students and staff members.

(b) The commissioner may solicit and accept gifts and grants from any public or private source to conduct the study. The commissioner may also cooperate or collaborate with national organizations conducting similar studies.

(c) The commissioner shall complete the study not later than December 1, 2015. This section expires December 1, 2016.

Added by Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 1386 (H.B. 1926), Sec. 24, eff. June 14, 2013.

SUBCHAPTER B. STATEWIDE DEVELOPMENT OF TECHNOLOGY AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS


Sec. 32.031. PURPOSE. To prepare students for the 21st century, it is the policy of this state that a superior education should be available to all students under a thorough and efficient system of public education. Educational resources shall be devoted to the maximum extent possible to the instruction of students. To accomplish those purposes, public education must use, in a comprehensive manner, appropriate, accessible technology in all aspects of instruction, administration, and communication.

Added by Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 260, Sec. 1, eff. May 30, 1995.

Sec. 32.032. ELECTRONIC INFORMATION SYSTEM. (a) The agency shall establish and maintain an accessible electronic information transfer system, as provided by State Board of Education policy, that is capable of transmitting information among school districts, regional education service centers, and other education-related entities and state agencies.

(b) The commissioner may contract with suppliers of computer hardware, software, or communications equipment or services to provide accessible goods or services to school districts, regional education service centers, or the agency. The State Board of Education by rule shall adopt standards for hardware, software, and communications equipment, training, and services supplied through contract under this section.

Added by Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 260, Sec. 1, eff. May 30, 1995.

Sec. 32.033. INTEGRATED TELECOMMUNICATIONS SYSTEM. (a) The agency, in coordination with institutions of higher education and other public or private entities, may maintain and expand, as needed, the telecommunications capabilities of school districts and regional education service centers. The agency shall design and implement a telecommunications system for distance learning throughout the state.

(b) To the extent necessary, the State Board of Education shall conduct feasibility studies related to accessible telecommunications capabilities of school districts and regional education service centers.

(c) According to priorities determined by the State Board of Education, the commissioner may contract with a public broadcasting system or another supplier of telecommunications equipment, programming, training, or services to provide equipment, programming, training, or services to school districts, regional education service centers, or the agency.

(d) In providing additional telecommunications capabilities under Subsection (a), the agency shall give priority to school districts with limited financial resources.

Added by Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 260, Sec. 1, eff. May 30, 1995. Amended by Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 201, Sec. 23, eff. Sept. 1, 2003.

Sec. 32.034. CENTER FOR EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY. (a) The commissioner, as provided by State Board of Education policy, may enter into an interagency contract with a public institution of higher education or a consortium of public institutions of higher education in this state to sponsor a center for educational technology under this section.

(b) The purpose of the center is to improve the quality and efficiency of the educational process through research, development, or site evaluation of:

(1) existing and new applications of technology specifically designed for educational applications; and

(2) educational applications of technology originally developed for commercial or other purposes.

(c) The membership of the center shall consist of public school educators, regional education service centers, institutions of higher education, nonprofit organizations, and private sector representatives. The State Board of Education shall establish membership policies for the center.

(d) The board of directors of the center shall be appointed by the State Board of Education and shall consist of:

(1) representatives of the center, including members of the public education system;

(2) a representative of each sponsoring institution of higher education; and

(3) the commissioner or the commissioner's representative.

(e) The board of directors shall:

(1) employ a director for the center;

(2) establish priorities for the center's activities; and

(3) report annually on the operation, projects, and fiscal affairs of the center to the State Board of Education and the membership of the center.

(f) The director is responsible for the center's activities.

Added by Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 260, Sec. 1, eff. May 30, 1995.

Sec. 32.035. DEMONSTRATION PROGRAMS. (a) The agency shall establish demonstration programs to:

(1) investigate the uses, effectiveness, and feasibility of technologies for education; and

(2) provide models for effective education using technology.

(b) The agency may design programs under Subsection (a) to encourage participation by and collaboration among school campuses, school districts, regional education service centers, the private sector, state and federal agencies, nonprofit organizations, and institutions of higher education.

Added by Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 260, Sec. 1, eff. May 30, 1995.

Sec. 32.036. PREVIEW CENTERS AND TRAINING PROGRAMS. The agency may establish and provide for the operation of a technology preview center and training program in each regional education service center to assist district and campus personnel in developing and maintaining the comprehensive use of appropriate technology in all aspects of instruction, administration, and communications.

Added by Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 260, Sec. 1, eff. May 30, 1995.

SUBCHAPTER C. TRANSFER OF DATA PROCESSING EQUIPMENT TO STUDENTS


Sec. 32.101. DEFINITION. In this subchapter, "data processing" has the meaning assigned by Section 2054.003, Government Code.

Added by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1272, Sec. 6.01, eff. June 15, 2001.

Sec. 32.102. AUTHORITY. (a) As provided by this subchapter, a school district or open-enrollment charter school may transfer to a student enrolled in the district or school:

(1) any data processing equipment donated to the district or school, including equipment donated by:

(A) a private donor; or

(B) a state eleemosynary institution or a state agency under Section 2175.905, Government Code;

(2) any equipment purchased by the district or school, to the extent consistent with Section 32.105; and

(3) any surplus or salvage equipment owned by the district or school.

(b) A school district or open-enrollment charter school may accept:

(1) donations of data processing equipment for transfer under this subchapter; and

(2) any gifts, grants, or donations of money or services to purchase, refurbish, or repair data processing equipment under this subchapter.

Added by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1272, Sec. 6.01, eff. June 15, 2001. Amended by Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 1276, Sec. 9.020(f), eff. Sept. 1, 2003.

Amended by:

Acts 2011, 82nd Leg., 1st C.S., Ch. 4 (S.B. 1), Sec. 29.02, eff. September 28, 2011.

Sec. 32.103. ELIGIBILITY; PREFERENCE. (a) A student is eligible to receive data processing equipment under this subchapter only if the student does not otherwise have home access to data processing equipment, as determined by the student's school district or open-enrollment charter school.

(b) In transferring data processing equipment to students, a school district or open-enrollment charter school shall give preference to educationally disadvantaged students.

Added by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1272, Sec. 6.01, eff. June 15, 2001.

Sec. 32.104. REQUIREMENTS FOR TRANSFER. Before transferring data processing equipment to a student, a school district or open-enrollment charter school must:

(1) adopt rules governing transfers under this subchapter, including provisions for technical assistance to the student by the district or school;

(2) determine that the transfer serves a public purpose and benefits the district or school; and

(3) remove from the equipment any offensive, confidential, or proprietary information, as determined by the district or school.

Added by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1272, Sec. 6.01, eff. June 15, 2001.

Sec. 32.105. EXPENDITURE OF PUBLIC FUNDS. A school district or open-enrollment charter school may spend public funds to:

(1) purchase, refurbish, or repair any data processing equipment transferred to a student under this subchapter; and

(2) store, transport, or transfer data processing equipment under this subchapter.

Added by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1272, Sec. 6.01, eff. June 15, 2001.

Sec. 32.106. RETURN OF EQUIPMENT. (a) Except as provided by Subsection (b), a student who receives data processing equipment from a school district or open-enrollment charter school under this subchapter shall return the equipment to the district or school not later than the earliest of:

(1) five years after the date the student receives the equipment;

(2) the date the student graduates;

(3) the date the student transfers to another school district or open-enrollment charter school; or

(4) the date the student withdraws from school.

(b) Subsection (a) does not apply if, at the time the student is required to return the data processing equipment under that subsection, the district or school determines that the equipment has no marketable value.

Added by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1272, Sec. 6.01, eff. June 15, 2001.

For expiration of this subchapter, see Section 32.205.


SUBCHAPTER E. TECHNOLOGY LENDING PROGRAM GRANTS


Sec. 32.201. ESTABLISHMENT OF PROGRAM. (a) The commissioner may establish a grant program under which grants are awarded to school districts and open-enrollment charter schools to implement a technology lending program to loan students equipment necessary to access and use electronic instructional materials.

(b) A school district or an open-enrollment charter school may apply to the commissioner to participate in the grant program. In awarding grants under this subchapter for each school year, the commissioner shall consider:

(1) the availability of existing equipment to students in the district or charter school; and

(2) other funding available to the district or charter school.

(c) The commissioner may determine the terms of a grant awarded under this section, including limits on the grant amount and approved uses of grant funds.

(d) The commissioner may recover funds not used in accordance with the terms of a grant from any state funds otherwise due to the school district or open-enrollment charter school.

Added by Acts 2011, 82nd Leg., 1st C.S., Ch. 6 (S.B. 6), Sec. 62, eff. July 19, 2011.

Sec. 32.202. FUNDING. (a) The commissioner may use not more than $10 million from the state instructional materials fund under Section 31.021 each state fiscal biennium or a different amount determined by appropriation to administer a grant program established under this subchapter.

(b) The cost of administering a grant program under this subchapter must be paid from funds provided under Subsection (a).

Added by Acts 2011, 82nd Leg., 1st C.S., Ch. 6 (S.B. 6), Sec. 62, eff. July 19, 2011.

Sec. 32.203. USE OF GRANT FUNDS. (a) A school district or open-enrollment charter school may use a grant awarded under Section 32.201 or other local funds to purchase, maintain, and insure equipment for a technology lending program.

(b) Equipment purchased by a school district or open-enrollment charter school with a grant awarded under Section 32.201 is the property of the district or charter school.

Added by Acts 2011, 82nd Leg., 1st C.S., Ch. 6 (S.B. 6), Sec. 62, eff. July 19, 2011.

Sec. 32.204. REVIEW OF PROGRAM. Not later than January 1, 2013, the commissioner shall review the grant program established under this subchapter and submit to the governor, the lieutenant governor, the speaker of the house of representatives, and the presiding officer of each legislative standing committee with primary jurisdiction over primary and secondary education a written report regarding the grants awarded under this subchapter.

Added by Acts 2011, 82nd Leg., 1st C.S., Ch. 6 (S.B. 6), Sec. 62, eff. July 19, 2011.

Sec. 32.205. EXPIRATION. This subchapter expires September 1, 2015.

Added by Acts 2011, 82nd Leg., 1st C.S., Ch. 6 (S.B. 6), Sec. 62, eff. July 19, 2011.

SUBCHAPTER F. EDUCATION INTERNET PORTAL


Sec. 32.258. STUDENT ASSESSMENT DATA; DATA PORTAL. (a) The agency shall establish and maintain a student assessment data portal for use by school districts, teachers, parents, students, and public institutions of higher education. The agency shall establish a secure, interoperable system to be implemented through the portal under which:

(1) a student or the student's parent or other person standing in parental relationship can easily access the student's individual assessment data;

(2) an authorized employee of a school district, including a district teacher, can readily access individual assessment data of district students for use in developing strategies for improving student performance; and

(3) an authorized employee of a public institution of higher education can readily access individual assessment data of students applying for admission for use in developing strategies for improving student performance.

(b) The system established under Subsection (a) shall provide a means for a student or the student's parent or other person standing in parental relationship to track the student's progress on assessment instrument requirements for graduation.

(c) The agency shall establish an interoperable system to be implemented through the portal under which general student assessment data is easily accessible to the public.

(d) Student assessment data provided under this section must:

(1) be available on or before the first instructional day of the school year following the year in which the data is collected; and

(2) include student performance data on assessment instruments over multiple years, beginning with the 2007-2008 school year, including any data indicating progress in student achievement.

(e) Each system established under this section must permit comparisons of student performance information at the classroom, campus, district, and state levels.

Added by Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 1216, Sec. 16, eff. June 20, 2003.

Renumbered from Education Code, Section 32.158 by Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 921 (H.B. 3167), Sec. 17.001(13), eff. September 1, 2007.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 895 (H.B. 3), Sec. 49, eff. June 19, 2009.